This section explains how to typeset vocal music, and make sure that the lyrics will be aligned with the notes of their melody. \musicglyph glyph-name (string). glyph-name is converted to a musical symbol; for example, \musicglyph #”l” selects the natural sign from the. If these automatic decisions are not satisfactory, beaming can be entered explicitly; see Manual beams. Beams must be entered manually if beams are to be.

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When automatic beaming is enabled, the placement of automatic beams is determined by three context properties: One way to avoid this problem is to set the time signature in only one staff. When beamExceptions is set to ‘either due to an explicit setting or because no beamExceptions rules are defined internally for the time signature in force, the ending points for beams are on beats as specified by the context properties baseMoment and beatStructure.

For this, you specify the internal grouping of beats in a measure as a list of numbers in Scheme syntax before the time signature. This behavior is controlled by the context property beamHalfMeasurewhich has effect only in time signatures with 3 in the numerator:. The properties of a beam are determined at the start of its construction and any additional beam-property changes that occur before the beam has been completed will not take effect until the nextnew beam starts.

When this is done, the value of beatStructure must refeence set to be compatible with the new value of baseMoment.

General input and output 3. That is, the three refrence more beams stretch unbroken over entire groups of notes. A beamExceptions value must be complete exceptions list. A quantity of type moment is created by the scheme function ly: Beamlets can be set to point in the direction of the beat to which they belong. Feathered beams are used to indicate that a small group of notes should be played at an increasing or decreasing tempo, without changing the overall tempo of the piece.


The beams of consecutive 16th or shorter notes are, by default, not subdivided. Direction and placementGrace notes. Setting automatic beam behavior.

LilyPond Notation Reference: Overview of modifying properties

See the lilypohd for more information. Such signs ease reading rhythmically complex modern music. Line breaks are normally forbidden when beams cross bar lines.

For right-pointing nibs at the end of a run of beamed notes, set stemRightBeamCount to a positive value. By default, baseMoment is one over the denominator of the time signature. Kneed beams are inserted automatically when a large gap is detected between the note heads.

1. Musical notation

LilyPond command index E. If no setting is included in a lower-level context, the setting of the enclosing context will apply. Flat flags on lone notes and beam nibs at the ends of beamed figures are both possible with a combination of stemLeftBeamCountstemRightBeamCount and paired [] beam indicators. The default beam settings for the time signature can also be changed, so that the desired beaming will always be used.

Beam setting changes can be limited to specific contexts. Beaming-rules is a scheme alist or list of pairs that indicates the beam type and the grouping to be applied to beams containing notes with a shortest duration of that beam type.

For right-pointing flat flags on lone notes, use paired [] beam indicators and set stemLeftBeamCount to zero see Example 1. When set, multiple beams will be subdivided at intervals defined by the current value of baseMoment by reducing the multiple beams to just one beam between the sub-groups.

Also, when baseMoment is changed, beatStructure should also be changed to match the new baseMoment:.


When multiple voices are used the Staff context must be specified if the beaming is to be applied to all voices in the staff:. It is not possible to add, remove, or change only one of the exceptions.

LilyPond — Notation Reference

By default, each unit of length baseMoment is a single beat. The extent of the feathered beam must be indicated manually using [ and ]and the beam feathering is turned on by specifying a direction to the Beam property grow-direction. The workaround for these problems is to manually beam the last beam in the voice or score.

For more information about this function, see Time administration. Even more strict manual control with the beams can be achieved by setting the properties stemLeftBeamCount and stemRightBeamCount.

Changing the default automatic beaming settings for a time signature lilyponv described in Time signature. Thus, a time signature setting in a later staff will reset custom beaming that was set in an earlier staff. The value of baseMoment can be adjusted to change the beaming behavior, if desired. If a score ends while an automatic beam has not been ended and is referencce accepting notes, this last beam will not be typeset at all.

LilyPond Notation Reference: Reference to page numbers

The first beam avoids sticking out flags the default ; the second beam strictly follows the beat. And for left-pointing nibs at the start of a run of beamed notes, set stemLeftBeamCount instead Example 3.

The square brackets show the extent of the beam and the braces show which notes are to have their durations modified. This behavior can be changed as shown:.