A rite of passage is a ceremony of the passage which occurs when an individual leaves one group to enter another. It involves a significant change of status in society. In cultural anthropology the term is the Anglicisation of rite de passage, a French term innovated by the ethnographer Arnold van The rest of Van Gennep’s book presents a description of rites of passage and. : The Rites of Passage (): Arnold van Gennep, Monika B. Vizedon, Gabrielle L. Caffee: Books. Turner, after fieldwork in Africa, read Arnold van Gennep’s Rites of. Passage (/) and realised that it made sense of his own findings. Van Gennep.

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Arnold van Gennep

But a human society has for arnolf components individual forces each of which can at any moment react…. The rest of Van Gennep’s book presents a description of rites of passage and an organization into types, although in the end he despairs of ever capturing them all: Van Gennep’s work showed that the formation of social groups is natural, and ;assage the value of the individual need not be lost in such groups.

Cross Cultural Differences in Burial Practices. Manu Ampim identifies five stages; rite to birth, rite to adulthood, rite to marriage, rite to eldership and riites to ancestorship. For example, the cutting of the hair for a person who has just joined the army. Initiation ritual of boys in Malawi.

But not so long ago the passage from one country to another, from one province to another within each country, and, still earlier, even from one manorial domain to another was accompanied by various formalities.

It is by no means my contention that all rites of birth, initiation, marriage, and the like, are only rites of passage. It is this rite which usually occupies the central place-as is also the case in marriage ceremonies, to be examined later.

Arnold van Gennep was the first anthropologist to note the regularity and significance of the rituals attached to the transitional stages in man’s life, and his phrase Retrieved 27 May While modern societies reduce to a theoretical minimum the distinction between male and female, it plays a role of considerable importance among semicivilized peoples, who rigidly segregate the sexes in the economic, the political, and, above all, the magicoreligious sphere.


For other uses, see Rite of passage disambiguation. It has been expressed with the help of milestones, walls, and statues in the [16] classical world, and through more simple means among the semi-civilized. All these rites, which have specific effective aims, occur in juxtaposition and combination with rites of passage-and are sometimes so intimately intertwined with them that it is impossible to distinguish whether a particular ritual is, for example, one of protection or of separation.

This edition reprints the paperback edition of In other projects Wikimedia Commons.

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THE RITES OF PASSAGE by Arnold van Gennep Translated by

Common terms and phrases Africa age group Ainu animistic Arnold van Gennep baptism betrothal birth Brahman bride bride price caste cere child childbirth childhood circumcision cited clan consecration Crawley dead death deceased deity Dieterich door dynamistic E.

My library Help Advanced Book Search. Moreover, it proliferated itself independently from secondary groups in the society— familyclan, or caste —and provided the means for establishing the relationship between groups.

The territory occupied by a semi-civilized tribe is usually defined only by natural features, but its inhabitants and their neighbors know quite well within what territorial limits their rights and prerogatives extend. Adventure education programs, such as Outward Boundhave often been described as potential rites of passage.

Each country was surrounded by a strip of neutral ground which in practice was divided into sections or marches [17] These have gradually disappeared, although the term “letter of marque”‘ retains the meaning of a permit to pass from one territory to another through a neutral zone.

Rites of passage are diverse, and are found throughout many cultures around the world. Zones of this kind were important in classical antiquity, especially in Greece, where they were used for market places or battlefields. The rite of eating and drinking together, which will be frequently mentioned in this book, is clearly a rite of incorporation, of physical union,’ and has been called a sacrament of communion.


He remains famous for his study of the rite of passage rituals marking significant transitions in human lives, such as birth, puberty, marriageand death.

Rite of passage – Wikipedia

Laboratory experiments have shown that severe initiations produce cognitive dissonance. Ceremonies Rites of passage Anthropology of religion. Since the goal is the same, it follows of necessity that the ways of attaining it should be at least analogous, if not identical in detail since in any case the individual involved has been modified by passing through several stages and traversing pxssage boundaries.

The actual ceremonies may differ, but their gennep is universal—celebration of the transition from one phase of life to another:. One’s sense of identity dissolves to some extent, bringing about disorientation.

For, in addition to their over-all goal to insure a change of condition or a passage from one magico-religious or secular group to yennep these ceremonies have their individual purposes.

Since the time of the Genmep the relations between these two realms have undergone all kinds of changes within nations and states. Initiation rites are seen as fundamental to human growth and development as well as socialization in many African communities. A rite of passage is a ceremony of the passage which occurs when an individual leaves one group to enter another.

A bundle of herbs, a piece of wood, or a stake adorned with a sheaf of straw may be placed in the middle of the path or across it. The Rites of Passage Page 64 of Phoenix books. Often the sharing of meals is reciprocal, and there is thus an exchange of food which constitutes the confirmation of a bond.

Thus we encounter a wide degree of general similarity among ceremonies of birth, childhood, social puberty, betrothal, marriage, pregnancy, fatherhood, initiation into religious societies, and funerals.