The Kebra Nagast (var. Kebra Negast, Ge’ez, kəbrä nägäst), or the Book of the Glory of Kings, is an account written in Ge’ez of the origins of the Solomonic line. The Kebra nagast (Glory of Kings), written from to , relates the birth of Menelik—the son of Solomon and Makada, the queen of Sheba—who became. The Kebra Nagast, by E.A.W. Budge, [], full text etext at

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This page was last edited on 18 Decemberat neggest Further connections between Kaleb and his putative Solomonic ancestors are sought in the concept of this king as a great negezt in emulation of Solomon When the third edition of his Travels to Discover the Source of the Nile was published ina description of the contents of the original manuscript was included. Of the Kebra Nagast, Irfan Shahid observes first that ‘the fantastic elements in the work A forthcoming sequel to R.

Retrieved from ” https: Almeida was sent out as a missionary to Ethiopia, and had abundant opportunity to learn about the Kebra Nagast at first hand, owing to his excellent command of the language. By the time that the Kebra Nagast, with its claim to Ethiopian possession of the Tablets of the Law later the Ark of the Covenant was included as well23was written, the very loss of neyest talisman was a weapon against the Jews, who would not have lost such treasures of their religion had they not been unworthy.

The Kebra Nagast var. Overjoyed by this reunion, Solomon tries to convince Menelik to stay and succeed him as king, but Menelik insists on returning to his mother negdst Ethiopia.


It is hard to see who ‘Enya might be — is it possible that perhaps an error has crept in when copying from the work of one of the historians who refer, themselves confusedly, to Kaleb as Andas, Aidog et van, even though that is the name of one of the heroes of the scene, not one of the victims; cf. Stuart Munro-Hay The sixth century was an extraordinary period in the history of the Christian east, and particularly in Aksum and South Arabia, where a religious war was fought that confronted the Christian negus of Aksum with the Jewish Arab king of Himyar.

Menelik to Ethiopia and founded the priestly and administrative classes. A graphic detail, mentioned incidentally in the Martyrium Arethae, section 38, best brings to light the hitherto obscure background of the convert.


And the King of Rome, and the King of Ethiopia, and the Archbishop of Alexandria — now the men of Rome were orthodox — were informed that they were to destroy them [the Jews who had instituted persecutions in Najran and Armenia, respectively territories of Ethiopia and Rome, KN ].

Queen Makeda learns from Tamrin, a merchant based kibrw her kingdom, about the wisdom of King Solomon, and travels to Jerusalem to visit him. The Ge’ez translation was late. He succeeded Emperor Anastasius in ‘after his rise to military and 7 50 patrician status. The engest titularies are quite extensive, negwst the various royal names and the lands over which the kings ruled, as well as epithets like ‘son of the invincible Mahrem’ or ‘servant of Christ’. It was compiled from the Bible, writings of early Church fathers including St.

This would have supplied the victorious negus and conqueror of South Arabia with an added incentive to emulate the example of his renowned ancestor in the very same country that had given birth to the Queen of Sheba, whose liaison with Solomon made possible Caleb’s Israelite descent.

He succeeded Emperor Anastasius in ‘after his kkbre to military and. Despite the arguments advanced by Shahid — which like most of his work are stimulating, ingenious and widely researched, and which certainly do need consideration in any analysis of the Kebra Nagast — it is very difficult to accept the Kebra Nagast as the sixth-seventh century work that he advocates.

A Sixth Century Kebra Nagast? Shahid suggests that Kaleb’s purported building activities may be related to the legend of Kaleb’s descent from the Queen of Sheba and the Israelite king whose most important claim to fame rests upon his building of the Temple in Jerusalem. Although the Kebra Nagast in KN mentions Justin, Kaleb, Najran, and the destruction of the Jews, these are elements which could have been obtained from many different sources known wherever certain ecclesiastical histories and chronicles were available.

They were to be mingled with David and Solomon their fathers. Translated by Tzadua, Abba Paulos. Even so, its first recorded use in the function of a constitution supreme law of the land is with Sarsa Dengel beginning in They thus date long before Kaleb, and provide, if anything, even stronger proof that the interim kings between Ezana and Kaleb were Christian. If we accept a fourteenth century Kebra Nagast compiled from certain earlier sources, it is still difficult to penetrate the motive behind the seemingly pointless task.

Perhaps one such source, for the compiler s of the Kebra Nagast, was an Arabic version of the history of John of Nikiu, which runs to the year The relation of Caleb’s building activity to the legend of Solomonic descent may receive support also from postbiblical literature, in which Solomon emerged as the great builder in many parts of the Near East to whom numerous structures were ascribed, including many in South Arabia itself in the pre-Islamic period.


The same applies for the gadlat of Pantalewon and Aregawi. It engendered a dispute not considering for the moment such aspects as trade questions that inevitably demanded war. In all these cases there is no hint in the documentation meagre though it is at rights descending through nwgest queen of Sheba.

Caleb’s ancestor, Menelik, Solomon’s son and the first Israelite king of Ethiopia, brought the Ark to Axum where it was housed in a sanctuary which superseded that of Jerusalem. Shahid envisages, ‘a polemic on the Israelite origins of the parties involved’. Kaleb is an historical person, unlike the legendary figures kiber the other prominent characters in the Kebra Nagast such as Ebna Hakim called in later versions of the nsgest, Menelik and his mother Queen Makeda the queen of Shebaand the Israelite contingent, sons of Solomon’s principal advisers, who supposedly came with 2 45 Menelik to Ethiopia and founded the priestly and administrative classes.

Viewed from the point of view of Aksumite history, there is nothing at all which might even hint at a claim of descent from King Solomon during the entire Aksumite period. It supplies no detail whatsoever, and moreover is couched in negdst apocalyptic phraseology attributed to Gregory the Illuminator, whose Vita, or life-story, together with those of other Armenian saints, was only translated into Ge’ez, interestingly enough, in late mediaeval times, at about the same period as the redaction of the Kebra Nagast Wallis Budgewhich was published in two editions in and kigre In the Letter attributed to Simeon of Beth Arsham and in the Book of the Himyarites the Jewish king is stated to have sworn by the Ark, making kibte bitter or scornful allusion to any Aksumite claim to possess it.

Kebra Nagast

The first English translation was prepared by E. Based on the testimony of this colophon, “Conti Rossini, Littmann, and Cerulliinter alioshave marked off the period to for the composition of the book. Praetorius published chapters 19 through 32 with a Latin translation.