In its secret report, never made public in Pakistan the commission, headed by then Chief Justice of Pakistan, Hamoodur Rahman, held widespread atrocities. The report of the Hamoodur Rahman Commission (HRC) set up by president Z.A. Bhutto in to inquire into the Pakistani debacle in East. with the original report’s outcome, Hamoodur Rahman Commission. Supplementary the then Chief Justice of Supreme Court of Pakistan as its head . The.

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In the Main Report, we have traced the genesis of the Pakistan movement, the events preceding the establishment of Pakistan, and the political developments which took place between andincluding a detailed study of the effects of the two Martial Law periods in hastening the process of political and emotional isolation of East Pakistan from West Pakistan.

General Niazi’s headquarters he repeated his advice, on which Lt. Views Read Edit View history. The Commission can if necessary even issue warrants to secure the attendance of any person unless he is otherwise exempted by law from personal appearance before a Court. Before we conclude this Chapter, we would like to state that we jstice no desire to embark on any inquiry into personal allegations of immorality an dishonestly against senior Army Commanders, but were persuaded commissin examine these matters owing to the universal belief that such infamous conduct had a direct hearing on the qualities of determination and leadership displayed by these officers in the war.

General Niazi’s conduct of waras also his final decision to surrender, have, therefore, to be judged in this light.

Hamoodur Rahman Commission Report – Wikipedia

I was not so before. Retrieved 26 August Niaziand Rao Farman Ali hamoodr died in The words “Case against Mr Toha and others,” appearing in the same page, do support Maj. The fresh evidence coming before the Commission has thus served only to reinforce the conclusions reached by us in the Main Report that the involvement of the Pakistan Army in Martial Law duties and civil administration had a highly corrupting influence, seriously detracting from the professional duties justcie the Army and affecting the quality of training which the Officers could impart to their units and formations, for the obvious reason that they did not have enough time available for this purpose, and many of them also lost the inclination to do so.

Retrieved 23 August Rahim Khan, GOC 39 ad hoc Division, who abandoned his Divisionand evacuated his Divisional HQ from Chandpurof course, with the permission of the Commander, Eastern Commander, with no replacement, justicd with the consequence that his Division disintegrated and had to be replaced with another Headquarter called the Narayan Sector Headquarters under a Brigadier.


Higher Direction of War”. The surrender in East Pakistan has indeed been a tragic blow to the nation.


The Hamood-ur-Rehman Commission Report | A Review

We mention these facts not in justification of the atrocities or other crimes alleged to have been committed by the Pakistani Army during its operations in East Pakistan, but only to put the record straight and to enable the allegations to be judged in their correct perspective.

In the Main Report we also dealt with the activities at the United Nations during the critical days of the war, and came to the conclusion that there was no rational explanation why Gen Yahya Khan did not take the dispute to the Security Council immediately after the Indian invasion of East Pakistan on the 21st of November,nor was it possible to explain his refusal to accept the first Russian Resolution, if indeed the situation in East Pakistan had become militarily so critical that surrender was inevitable.

Rahim Khan who had played a part in the final events culminating in the surrender in East Pakistan. Knowledgeable circles in Islamabad insisted that at least two copies had survived. As the Government of Bangladesh has been recognised by Pakistan, it may be feasible to request the Dacca authorities to forward to this Court of Inquiry whatever evidence may be available with them. As far as we can judge, Mr Qutubuddin Aziz has made use of authentic personal accounts furnished by the repatriates whose families, have actually suffered at the hands of the Awami League militants.

Hamoodur Rahman Commission – Wikipedia

Harrowing tales of these atrocities were narrated by the large number of West Pakistanis and Biharis who were able to escape from these places and reach the safety of West Pakistan.

We, therefore, propose to avoid a repetition of what we stated in the Main Report except to some slight degree necessary for restating briefly 5 some of the conclusions rahmxn which we are principally concerned in this supplement.

To remind himself he wrote these words down on the back of his table diary, when they were repeated to him on telephone by Lt. H Ansari Witness NO.

Hamoodur Rahman Commission Report

Arguing in the same vein, another indicted veteran, Major-General Ghulam Omer, said the HRC report was prepared by a bunch of “non-technical people”. Nature of Disciplinary Action 2. He was Commander, Artillery 14 Div. It is a question for determination as to what share of responsibility must rest on these commanders for the 40 excesses allegedly committed by the troops under their Command.

Retrieved 14 June The impression created on the mind of the West Pakistani civilian officials, then serving in East Pakistan, has been stated thus by Mr. Farman Ali had sent out of East Pakistan a large sum of money, approximately Rs 60, through his nephew who was a Helicopter Pilot in the Army and left Dacca in the early hours of the 16th of December, In its secret report, never made public in Pakistan the commission, headed by then Chief Justice of Pakistan, Hamoodur Rahman, held widespread atrocities, other abuses of power by Pakistani generals and a complete failure in civilian and martial- law leadership responsible for the loss of East Pakistan.


Although he never formally declared these negotiations to have failed, yet he secretly left Dacca on the evening of the 25th of March,leaving instructions behind for military action to be initiated when his plane reached the Karachi area. Misdeeds of the Awami League Militants: Rahim Khan at the time of his evacuation from Dacca on the morning of the 16th of December to meet the expenses en route which may be required not only by Maj.

The Commission feels that sufficient evidence is now available in Pakistan for a fruitful inquiry to be undertaken in this regard. The need for commandeering vehicles, foodstuffs, medicines and other essential supplies can certainly be appreciated, but this should have been done under a proper method of accounting so that compensation could be paid on return of normal conditions. Their involvement in civil administration continued unabated even after the induction of a sizable number of senior civil servants from West Pakistan, including the Chief Secretary, the Inspector General of Police and at least two Division Commissioners.

It had submitted its report to the then President of Pakistan on the 12th July, Niazi justie the same reputation at Sialkot and Lahore. Mohammad Jamshed, and Maj Gen M Rahim Khan, with whose cases we have already dealt in the preceding paragraphs, there were four other General Officers serving in the East Pakistan at the time of the surrender, namely, Maj.

Yale University Press, Jones. There has been some controversy as to the exact status of Lt Rahmam.

The first report is never published and kept as highly classified documents because of its potentially adverse effects on the military’s at that time low-institutional morale and fear of a backlash. There were verbal instructions to eliminate Hindus. Yahya Khan Tikka Khan S. The report dwells on a range of sins: The two direct and devastating consequences of this political situation brought about by the military regime itself, since holding the elections ofwere the prolonged involvement of the Pakistan Army in counter- insurgency measures throughout the Province, and its forced deployment in penny-pockets uamoodur along the borders of East Pakistan to prevent infiltration of Mukti Bahini and Indian agents.

All these acts of omission and commission call for 88 deterrent action by way of court materials wherever permissible under the law. Gen Khadim Hussain were associated with the planning of the military action.