The Revolt of the Masses JOSE ORTEGA Y GASSET THE REVOLT OF THE MASSES AUTHORIZED TRANSLATION FROM THE SPANISH W □ W □ NORTON. José Ortega Y. Gasset The Dissection of the Mass-Man Begins 7. Why the Masses Intervene in Everything, and Why Their Intervention is Solely by Violence . SUMMARY OF THE BOOK THE REVOLT OF THE MASSES BY JOSE ORTEGA Y GASSET CHAPTER 1 THE COMING OF THE MASSES In this chapter, Jose.
|Published (Last):||11 June 2008|
|PDF File Size:||2.25 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||11.8 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
The decline in population and strength of the people only shows the decline in vitality and every epoch seems have this period while there are also epochs gawset have actually attained great, full and definitive heights.
It is not 1 The Dehumanisation of An. There is no reason to deny the reality of progress, but there is to correct the notion that believes this progress secure.
Full text of “The Revolt Of The Masses – José Ortega y Gasset ()”
The Dissection of the Mass-Man Begins 7. Every historical period displays a differ- ent feeling in respect of this strange phenomenon of the vital altitude, and I am surprised that thinkers and his- torians have never taken note of such an evident and important fact. The names are endless, but include everyone from Bill Nye to Stephen Hawking.
They recognised their place in a healthy dynamic social system. You want the ordinary man to be master. The same question when asked of any person today, the honest answer no doubt would be that; anytime in the past, without exception, would give fevolt the feeling of a restricted space kose which he could not breathe because our present life feels itself as ampler than all previous lives. Returning to his argument about decadence, Gasset explains that there is only one decadence and it consist of it lowering of vitality, and that it only exists when it is felt as such.
If we now revert to the facts indicated at the start, they will appear clearly as the heralds of a joes attitude in the mass. But leaving die world forms tye of the world, as a door is pan of a revotl. The command over the public life exercised today by the intellectually vulgar is perhaps the factor of the present situation which is most novel, least assimilable to anything in the past. Interesting fo here, particularly for our egalitarian ears.
Hence in a few words; our time is superior to other times, inferior to itself. That which made the stone axe in the Chelian period was lacking in science, and yet a tech- nique was created.
Hence there is no exaggeration in saying that the man who is the product of the 19th Century is, for the effects of public life, a man apart from all other men. There is no doubt that at all times for many men one of the greatest tortures of their lives has been the contact, the collision with the folly of their neighbours.
This coming to- gether of the minority precisely in order to separate them- selves from the majority is a necessary ingredient in the formation of every minority.
All that follows is a consequence, a corollary, of that root-structure, which massea be summed up thus: And so, life has escaped from their grasp, has become completely unsubmissive and to-day is floating around without any fixed course. The prestige and the magic that are attributes of the ideal are volatilised. Possibly both these things arc beginning to happen just now; but they did not masse in the recent part of which the present is the flower- ing.
How has this come about?
Customers who bought this item also bought. To have ideas, to form opinions, is identical with appealing to such an authority, submitting oneself to it, accepting its code and its decisions, and therefore believing that the highest form of intercommunication is the dialogue in which the reasons for our ideas are discussed.
The spoiled child is the heir who behaves exclusively as a mere heir. Almost all the positions taken up and proclaimed arc false ones. Finally, Ortega veers off the mark in his last chapter, kose covers a third of the book.
It is not then something apart from and foreign to our existence, it is its actual periphery. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The fact is the accession of the masses to complete social power. They feel appetites and needs which were previously looked upon as refine- ments, inasmuch as they w r ere the patrimony of the few. Films and illustrated papers have brought the far-off potion of the universe before the immediate vision of the crowd.
Amazon Renewed Refurbished products joee a warranty. Civilisation which is before all, the will to live in common and place others into account is being taken over by barbarism wherein groups separate and are hostile to one another.
The traveler knows that in the territory there are no ruling principles to which it is possible to appeal. Hence I suggested at joe start that all the features of the present day, and in particular the rebellion of the masses, offer a double as- pect. The new man wants his motor-car, and enjoys it, but he believes that it is the spontaneous fruit of an Edenic tree.
The Revolt of the Masses
The answer is simple. Three principles have made possible this new world: If he succeeds in finding it of himself, he is a superior man; if not, he is a mass-man and must receive it from his superiors. What difference does it make to him not to be richer than others if the world is richer and furnishes him with magnificent roads, railways, telegraphs, hutch, personal safety and aspirin? Even better than when I read it is undergraduate school in Any event might annihilate such prodigious human possibilities, which in addition are the basis of future technical development.
We look backwards and the famous Renaissance reveals itself as a period of narrow provincialism, of futile gestures— why not say the w’ord? For the tonic that keeps the mass- man in form is insincerity, u the joke.
These epochs of plenitude always regard tbe as massses result of many other preparatory peri- ods, of other times lacking in plenitude, inferior to their own, above which this time of full-flower has risen.
He asks again what appearance did life present to that multitudinous man who in ever increasing abundance of the 19th century kept producing? Anybody who is not like everybody, who does not think like everybody, runs the risk of being eliminated.
All this is equally valid for collective life. But though the case is an admirable one, it would suffice to indicate in oudine the history of England in order to show that this exception proves the rule. We have here a very curious phenomenon tvhich it is most important should be defined.
Everything in the world is strange and marvellous to well-open eyes. The so-called great nation is about to be no nation ortegga all, as all can clearly see.