This is a community/ a people which has carefully and successfully built/ and Maravar) share similar myths/accounts of origin and historic status as rulers. Some members of the caste like to go by the title Thevars, which means ‘the divine They have a political history of mobilising themselves. In the year since the brutal murder of Dalit man Sankar in Udumalaipettai, his wife Kausalya’s brother Gowtham has learned more about Thevar.

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But first and foremost, his animosity towards the communists was due to the rejection of the Indian communists of Subhas Chandra Bose who they had called a ‘ quisling ‘. Chinnasamy, in addition to driving the taxi, was apparently still lending money and collecting interest.

Sankar’s death and the arrest of the family members has made the family even more rigid about commnity. The Mukkulathors celebrate the coincident birth and death anniversary of U. Kallars and Maravars were inhabitants of the Palai region during the Sangam period.

He returned on communiyy February and began to prepare for the coming general election. Kumarasamy, the Raja of Rajapalyam. Palai was mainly a desert-like region with little to no rain. In CommunittyThevar contested the assembly election himself, as a candidate in the Ramanathapuram constituency.

Perhaps he took the decision to kill her in a moment of anger,” says Vivek. The Criminal Tribes Act CTA had been enacted in by the government of the Madras Presidency and was subsequently implemented in a piecemeal fashion.

Children will face consequences if they marry out of their community,” says Jayaraman.

U. Muthuramalingam Thevar

In Chennai, journalists awaited his arrival from Bengaluru, where he had reportedly camped himself. Ahead of the elections to the assembly of the Madras Presidency, Thevar enlisted youths from the Mukkulathor communities to work for the Congress. Retrieved 31 December Rajagopalacharidid not do so. Thevar travelled to Burma for the second time in Decembertaking part in political and religious activities organised by the All Burma Tamil Nadu Association.


The situation in the area was tense on the day that the results were released, and there was a sizeable presence of police forces in place.


InRajagopalachari tried to make a comeback within the Congress organisation in Tamil Nadu. The writers of the Sangam Age place them in rural settlements withdrawn from cities.

This was Thevar’s first experience of being a candidate in an election. Besides the Mukkulathors, the Saurashtra, Yadava and to some extent Pillaimar communities are important vote-banks in Madurai, which also has a sizable Muslim community.

When I tried to talk to her, she refused hlstory respond,” he adds. We never even met her,” he claims. Karunanidhi played a significant part in incorporating the southern warrior castes, like the Maravars, into the Tamil political identity.

An undying pride in caste: Thevar prejudice returns with fury at Kausalya’s home | The News Minute

He was betrayed by that girl,” he adds. In Tamilnadu Kallars are called by various Surnames, these names comes to them during various times by the place they have ruled, the place of the battlefield and to state their strong valour and bravery in the hsitory with the foreign forces.

The three constituent communities of Agamudayar, Kallar and Maravar believe themselves to share a common myth of origin formed through being the offspring of a relationship between Indra and a celestial woman.

He was released from prison on 5 September Further, Alagiri also cashed in on the reverse-polarisation resulting from the Mukkulathor consolidation. Retrieved from ” https: Both names were originally granted to people as titles by poligars local chieftains but the holders were not exposed to caste-defining influences such as Brahmanic Hinduismthe concept of varna and practices such as endogamy until the late 18th century.


Retrieved 5 October We already had a police sub-inspector from our caste in mind. Such a practice is no longer prevailing amongst other maravars. When Kausalya’s grandfather is asked about this, he bursts out in anger, “Do we not know to see a boy for her?

An undying pride in caste: Thevar prejudice returns with fury at Kausalya’s home

The case lingered and was not settled untilwhen the court ruled in Muthuramalingam Thevar’s favour. The three groups traditionally each believe themselves to be superior to their fellow Mukkulathors. Agamudayars are famously known by their title Servai – “A community show many signs tnevar independence and non-submission to any form of subjugation”.

With the money he made, he bought cars and became a taxi driver,” recounts Community. In the same period a strike was led by Thevar at the Madura Knitting Company. He was banned from leaving Madurai. His activities created worries for the Justice Party government, which forbade him to travel outside of the Ramnad district and to make speeches in public. The family categorically denies that Chinnasamy and Annalakshmi could have planned the murder, but even mentioning Kausalya’s name brings along for them a deep sense of betrayal.

A committee consisting of Thevar, P. I then drove them to Dindugal to a relative’s house.