HISTORY OF HALAKU KHAN IN URDU PDF

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Views Read Edit View history. A low estimate is about 90, dead; [10] higher estimates range fromto a million. Mongol raids into Palestine. At that moment Mongke Khan died, so Hulagu, as an heir and potential Great Khan, was obliged to return to Mongolia for the election of a new Khan.

India Java Korea Tibet. Doquz Khatun Yesuncin Khatun.

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The invasion effectively destroyed the Hitsory, which was until then a powerful dynasty that had ruled large parts of the LevantEgyptand the Arabian Peninsula. Nestorian Christianityconverted to Buddhism on his deathbed.

Hulagu’s Mongol army set out for Baghdad in November Upon receiving news of Hulagu’s departure, Qutuz quickly assembled a large army at Cairo and invaded Palestine.

This called for the employment of engineers to engage in mining operations, to build siege engines and artillery, and to concoct and use incendiary and explosive devices. Tensions between Franks and Mongols also increased when Julian of Sidon caused an urdh resulting in the death of one of Kitbuqa’s grandsons.

Hulagu Khan

They met the Mongol army of about 20, in the Battle of Ain Jalut and fought relentlessly for many hours. Estimates of the size of the Egyptian army range from 24, toHulagu intended to continue southward through Palestine towards Cairo to fight the Mamluks.

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By February 5 the Mongols controlled a stretch of the wall. Retrieved 21 March Siberia Qara Khitai —18 Khwarezmia — The Or Library of Baghdadcontaining countless precious historical documents and books on subjects ranging from medicine to astronomy, was destroyed.

Hulagu sent multiple communications to Europe in an attempt to establish a Franco-Mongol alliance against the Muslims. Tekuder Abaqa Taraqai Mengu Timur. On February 10 Baghdad surrendered. Under Hulagu’s dynasty, Iranian historians began writing in Persian rather than Arabic.

Mosques, palaces, libraries, hospitals — grand buildings that had been the work of generations — were burned to the ground. Hulagu’s favorite wife, Doquz Khatunwas also a Christian, as was his hiwtory friend and general, Kitbuqa.

The Mongols under Chinese general Guo Histor laid siege to the city on January 29,[9] constructing a palisade and a ditch and wheeling up siege engines and catapults. Il Milionea book on the travels of Venetian merchant Marco Polostates that Hulagu starved the caliph to death, but there is no corroborating evidence for that.

Many historical accounts describe the three Christian rulers Hetum, Bohemond, and Kitbuqa entering the city of Damascus together in triumph, [18] [19] though some modern historians such as David Morgan have questioned this story as apocryphal. The Mongol leader Kitbuqa, historyy provoked by the constant fleeing of Baibars and his troops, decided to march forwards with all his troops on the trail of the fleeing Hisfory.

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The Mongols swept into the city on February 13 and began a week of destruction. Baghdad was a depopulated, ruined city for several centuries. If we were united, then we would have conquered all of the world.

History of Halaku Khan – Siege of Baghdad. Hindi & Urdu – video dailymotion

Qutuz allied himself with a fellow Mamluk, Baibarswho wanted to avenge for Islam the Mongols’ capture of Damascus, their looting of Baghdad and their conquest of Syria.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. This was the first open war between Mongols and signaled the end of the unified empire.

Retrieved from ” https: The Mongols, for their part, attempted to form a Frankish-Mongol alliance with or at least, demand the submission of the remnant of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem, now centered on Acre, but Pope Alexander IV had forbidden such an alliance.