De Garengeot hernias are femoral hernias that contain the appendix. It is a rare phenomenon, with only 1% of all femoral hernias containing the appendix (and. De Garengeot hernia should be suspected in an elderly woman presenting with signs and symptoms of a strangulated hernia. The differential. Images in Clinical Medicine from The New England Journal of Medicine — De Garengeot’s Hernia.

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With increasing published case reports it may be possible to systematically review the cases and reach a consensus as to what the optimal surgical management may be. Akopian G, Alexander M. Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons are provided here courtesy of Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons. Acute suppurative appendicitis occurring within femoral hernia: The rate of Hrenia for inguinal and femoral hernia repairs is 0.

De Garengeot hernia: Case report and review

Her abdomen was soft and nontender; there gzrengeot a palpable, nonerythematous lump in the right groin which was tender to touch and irreducible. Several surgical tactics were used previously and considered acceptable, such as appendectomy followed by hernia correction in a second time, laparotomy for appendectomy and hernia correction by inguinotomy or even appendectomy through the hernia sac itself with correction of femoral hernia at the same surgical time [10].

Initial diagnostic laparoscopy can be an invaluable adjunct in both diagnosis and treatment of atypical hernias. Indexed in Web of Science. Two 5-mm abdominal ports were placed, one in the left lower quadrant and the other in the right upper quadrant.


It occurs most frequently on the right side [7]. An appendicectomy was then done and the base was buried using purse-string technique with absorbable polydioxanone suture. Radiological findings are often non-specific.

Emergency repair of Morgagni hernia with partial gastric volvulus: Several surgical approaches exist, including open or laparoscopic approaches either with or without appendectomy, with hernoa or simple suture hernioplasty.

Oliveira — data collections, literature review. Depending on protocol and reporting expertise, CT has demonstrated some value, with only 4 reported cases where CT has given the correct diagnosis [ 1719 — 21 ].

A necrotic and inflamed appendix was detected Fig. Author contribution Carolina Talini — literature review, data analysis, writing. Swallowing-related quality of life after free flap surgery due to cancer of the head and neck.

De Garengeot hernia: Case report and review

View large Download slide. We were able to obtain a correct diagnosis and perform an appendectomy prior to making a groin incision. De Garengeot hernia, Incarcerated femoral hernia.

Clinical examination is of limited value in identifying the content of the femoral hernia. On admission, the patient was afebrile with age-appropriate vital signs.

An incision was made externally over the right groin swelling and then carried down to the hernia sac, which appeared to be a femoral hernia. Subscribe to Table of Contents Alerts. To the best of our knowledge, this approach has never been described before. Preoperative abdominal CT image of the patient.

Some authors have recently reported cases successfully herjia by laparoscopy.

National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. However, there have been cases where the hernial sac and the appendix are reduced into the peritoneal cavity via midline garwngeot. Then, two additional 5-mm trocars were inserted in the left lower and middle abdominal regions. Surgical management of de Garengeot hernia is controversial. Support Center Support Center. The pathological findings showed acute purulent appendicitis.


gareneot In our case, laparoscopic findings revealed an inflamed and necrotic appendix. Showed unchanged bowel habit in this period, denied emesis or other associated symptoms.

There is a predisposition for females 1: One theory is abnormal intestinal rotation during embryological development, and appendiceal attachment is another theory. Some theories have proposed the pathogenesis of the migration of the appendix into the femoral hernia. Table of Contents Alerts. In our patient, the unusual presentation of the hernia prompted us to do a diagnostic laparoscopy first, during which the appendix was seen entering the hernia sac.

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In progress issue alert. The patient is usually an elderly female with a few days’ history of a painful groin swelling, suggestive of an incarcerated hernia or a groin abscess. Related articles in PubMed Efficacy of tranexamic acid on operative bleeding in endoscopic sinus surgery: The gaerngeot diagnosis is difficult, and most patients end up being taken to the operating room with the nonspecific diagnosis of incarcerated hernia.

Open in a separate window. At a three-month follow-up she did not report any postoperative complications. But only inHevin performed the first appendectomy in an incarcerated femoral hernia [4].