Buddhist liturgy is a formalized service of veneration and worship performed within a Buddhist The concept of gongyō is also common in Japanese Pure Land Buddhist schools such as Jodo Shu and Jodo Shinshu. . SGI-USA. p. vi. ISBN ^ Nichiren-Shu Service Book: Dharma, Nichiren. Soka Gakkai International (SGI) members put into practice the teachings of In Nichiren Buddhism, gongyo means to recite part of the Expedient Means (2nd). For a full explanation of the meaning of the passages we recite in gongyo, it is worth reading SGI President Daisaku Ikeda’s lectures in the book The Heart of the.
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In larger Pure Land temples, the daily service is performed by priests or ministers, and lay people can optionally attend and recite along if they wish. The word Gongyo originated in ancient China; although nowadays it is more often used in Buddhism, it first appeared in the Taoism classic Zhuang Zi. Buddhist piety is a common sentiment found in Gongyo among Nichiren Shoshu members.
This is because chanting as much daimoku as possible is the main practice of the Nichiren Shoshu faithful, whereas the sutra recitations are an auxiliary practice. The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject.
Nichiren established no gonggyo procedure for gongyo other than the recitation of the 2nd and 16th chapters of the Lotus Sutra, and at times even just the verse section of the 16th chapter.
Buddhist liturgy – Wikipedia
The Heart of the Lotus Sutra. Furthermore, when extreme circumstances prevent someone from performing gongyo according to established convention, it is considered by Nichiren Shoshu members to do a shortened version and chant lots of daimoku than gonyo lose daily contact with the Gohonzon.
University of California Press.
It is often done one or more times a day and can vary amongst the TheravadaMahayanaand Vajrayana sects. The passage from the hour of the ox to the hour of the tiger therefore symbolizes the transition from the unenlightened condition of a common mortal to the enlightened condition of a Buddha, so the performance of gongyo at this hour serves as a reminder of the true purpose of Buddhist practice: The significance of performing Ushitora Gongyo at this time of day derives from earlier Buddhist teachings that describe the hour of the ox as “the end of darkness” and the hour of the tiger as “the beginning of light,” and ones that describe all Buddhas as having attained enlightenment at this time.
This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Buddhist liturgy is goongyo formalized service of veneration and worship performed within a Buddhist Sangha community in nearly every traditional denomination and sect in the Buddhist world. Vongyo rubbing of Juzu prayer beads is prohibited during both Gongyo and Shodai or prolonged chanting in Nichiren Shoshu.
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. At the time the Soka Gognyo came into being, Nichiren Shoshu laity were not expected to do gongyo themselves; priests did it on their behalf. Originally, gpngyo followed the format of Nichiren Shoshuu. The gongyo of Shingon Buddhism differs amongst various sub-sects, but all of them mainly recite the Hannya Shingyothe mantras of the Thirteen Buddhas and other mantras, the Light Mantraand the gohogo ; the saintly name of Kukai.
The central practice of these schools is the recitation of the name of Amidaalso called the nembutsubut in daily practice a Pure Land gonggo will also chant excerpts of the Larger Sutra of Immeasurable Lifeparticular the sections titled the Sanbutsuge or the Juseigeand in some temples chanting the entire Smaller Sutra of Immeasurable Life may sfi once daily or alternatively only on more formal occasions.
The Buddhist LiturgyTaiwan: This page was last edited on 29 Decemberat Chinese philosopher Zhuangzi abstracted and modified this word from gonygo earlier classic of Taoism – Laozi’s Tao Te Chingin which it states: Nichiren Buddhists perform a form of gongyo that consists of reciting certain passages of the Lotus Sutra and chanting daimoku.
The first two presidents, Tsunesaburo Makiguchi and Josei Toda, taught members “not to hire priests to chant, as had long been customary, but to chant for themselves, a change they found both disarming and empowering” . A shorter hymn called the Juniraithe Twelve Praises of Amidacan be used as well. Chinese Buddhist philosophers borrowed this word from Taoism classics, and it spread to Korea, Japan, Vietnam with Buddhism.
It is emphasized by the Soka Gakkai, however, that more important than the wording of the glngyo is the practitioner’s heartfelt intent in doing gongyo and expressing his or her sgl and desires .
The sutra recitation now takes only about 5 minutes, leaving more time for the primary practice of chanting Nam-myoho-renge-kyo .
The format of gongyo varies by denomination and sect. Members of Nichiren Shoshu may only use Juzu prayer beads with pure white cords and white Pom-Pom ornaments, while Nichiren Shoshu priests use an additional set of Juzu prayer gonggyo with white string tassels which they use towards Kito and Lotus Sutra blessings. In traditional Jodo Shinshu Buddhism, lay practitioners may also chant a hymn written by Shinran called the Shoshingewhich is not a sutra per sebut expounds the lineage with which Jodo Shinshu owes its beliefs.
March Learn how and when to remove this template message. In the 70s, silent prayers were added for the success of the Soka Gakkai itself, and in memory of its first two deceased presidents. Gonggyo of a series on. The times for these services will vary depending on the individual branch, and individual temple. Some, like Nichiren Shoshu and Nichiren Shu has a prescribed formula which is longheld in their practice use, while others such gognyo Soka Gnogyo International variedly changes their Gongyo formats depending on modernity, the most recent being the edition of their liturgy format.
Retrieved from ” https: Ushitora Gongyo takes place in the Grand Reception Hall of Head Temple Taisekiji and follows the format of the five-prayer morning gongyo service.
In the Gnogyo Gakkaigongyo is performed egi “return to the very foundation of our lives” and “draw wisdom” from inherent Buddha nature and achieves “the fusion or reality and wisdom” . It is done between the eponymous hours of the ox ushi During the Sui and Tang dynasties, the buddhist philosophy developed dramatically in central China, and was influenced by Taoism.
The number of recitations depends on which gojgyo prayer is to be offered. The most important gongyo service in Nichiren Shoshu gingyo the Ushitora Gongyo performed daily by the high priest or his proxy when he is unable to officiate. The full Life Span of the Tathagata Chapter is recited only for the second prayer an expression of appreciation to the Dai-Gohonzon ; for all others, only the “verse” portion is recited.
The established format consist of five in the morning and three in the evening, with the Expedient Means and Life Span of the Tathagata chapters recited once for each silent prayer offered. The liturgy mainly consists of chanting or reciting a sutra or passages from a sutra, a mantra especially in Vajrayanaand several gathas.