GENUS KOCURIA PDF

Unlike other Kocuria species that are strictly aerobic, Kocuria kristinae is °C. The genus Micrococcus has been recently divided into Micrococcus, Kocuria. Kocuria is a genus of Gram positive bacteria in the phylum Actinobacteria, including the sequenced species Kocuria rhizophila. Kocuria has been identified in. Valid publication: STACKEBRANDT (E.), KOCH (C.), GVOZDIAK (O.) and SCHUMANN (P.): Taxonomic dissection of the genus Micrococcus: Kocuria gen. nov.

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The patient responded well to the vancomycin treatment and did not develop any other complications. These complications followed catheter-related blood stream infection [ 3 ].

Two cases of peritonitis caused by Kocuria marina in patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. Kocuria spp have been reported to be normal flora of human skin and oral genuus and are usually regarded as laboratory contaminants and ignored when isolated in the clinical specimens undermining its pathogenic potential. Table 2 Misidentification of Kocuria species and members of the Kocuria genus by different automated phenotypic identification systems.

We review the occurrence and clinical significance of Kocuria species.

Multiple episodes of sepsis, febrile neutropenia, and increased platelets, white blood cell counts and C-reactive protein levels are the common manifestations of Kocuria infection. Kocuria belongs to the phylum Actinobacteriaclass Actinobacteriaorder Actinomycetalessub order Micrococcinae and family Micrococcaceae.

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Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; Kocuria gwangalliensis Seo et al. Catheter-related bacteremia with pulmonary septic emboli. Kocuria kristinae endocarditis related to diabetic foot infection. Kocuria kristinae is opportunistic Gram-positive cocci from the family Micrococcaceae.

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Taxonomy of the genus Kocuria Stackebrandt et al.

Construction and analysis of fractional multifactorial designs to study attachment strength and transfer of Listeria monocytogenes from pure or mixed biofilms after contact with a solid model food. Kocuria salina Camacho et al. Notable alkaline tolerance of Kocuria marina isolate from blood of a pediatric patient with continuous intravenous epoprostenol therapy.

In particular, our observations revealed massive growth and pigment enhancement of K. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. Biofilm production was assessed by the microtitre plate assay, and PKS did not produce a biofilm. Furthermore, there are no genuw of biofilm production by Kocuria in the literature, yet it has been implicated in device-related bacteremia, implying that the colonization of Kocuria on a device will likely result in chronic recurrent henus in a compromised host.

Emerging Bacterial Infection: Identification and Clinical Significance of Kocuria Species

Hence, it is suggested that physicians should not underestimate the importance of Kocuria spp. Kocuuria uropygioeca Braun et al.

Meropenem, ciprofloxacin and clindamycin. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

CAPD, Kocuria roseaperitonitis.

Emerging Bacterial Infection: Identification and Clinical Significance of Kocuria Species

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. Ethics committee approval for this study was obtained from an institutional review board. Kocuria marina Kim et al. Kocuria assamensis Kaur et al. These bacteria are responsible for different kocurla of infection, mostly in immunocompromised hosts with serious underlying conditions.

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Detection of the intercellular adhesion gene cluster ica and phase variation in Staphylococcus epidermidis blood culture strains and mucosal isolates. Published online Oct The lack of genotypic studies has greatly impacted epidemiological investigations and the understanding of the basic differences between kkocuria saprophytic and pathogenic traits of Kocuria strains.

Also, there are no specific criteria for interpreting sensitivity assays with Kocuria isolates and only a few investigated the resistance mechanisms expressed in this genus as the one report that postulated decreased cell wall permeability and multidrug efflux pump expressed in these organisms [ 2 ]. Kocuria uropygioeca Braun et al.

Kocuria himachalensis Mayilraj et al. Furthermore, accurate identification is difficult because commercially available databases do not include all the classified Kocuria species. The bacterium is facultative anaerobic, nonmotile, catalase-positive, and coagulase-negative and is known to cause catheter-related bacteremia and infective endocarditis [ 217 ].