The Fourth Book of the Chronicle of Fredegar: With its Continuations. (Medieval Clasics) (Bk. 4) [J.M. Wallace-Hadrill] on *FREE* shipping on. century that he was so called, though Fredegar is an authentic. Prankish name. He left behind him what, in a word, may be called a chronicle; and it is because. The fourth book of the Chronicle of Fredegar: with its continuations / translated from the Latin with introduction and notes by J. M. Wallace-Hadrill.

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For those who favoured the theories of multiple authorship apparent shifts chroniicle geographical perspective or political allegiance in the contents of the final section of the chronicle could be rationalised in terms of the differences between the three or two contributors.

By this view the short final section that covers the years from toshould chronilce be seen as a continuation; the only one to be associated with this work. So, the undigested and repetitive nature of some of the components of the first section of his work is out of keeping with his normal practice. This difference and the fact that Paul was clearly ignorant of Fredegar’s Italian information helps confirm fredegxr he did not know the latter’s chronicle.

Open Preview See a Problem? If so, it could be that the text of Isidore’s chronicle contained in the Paris manuscript is that of the copy possessed by Fredegar himself, on which he never had the chance to carry out his usual editorial work. The contents of this manuscript consist of three texts, none of which is here complete: XVIIpp.

On the manuscript see below p. Stephen Miletus marked it as to-read Jun 26, It is therefore very helpful in assessing his aims and methods to be able to examine an example of Fredegar providing an account that can be compared with other versions of the same event. The remainder of the book contains a compendium of various chronological tables including a list of the Roman Emperors, a list of Judaic kings, a list of popes up to the accession of Theodore I in and Chapter 3 of the chronicle of Isidore of Seville.

History of the Franks by Gregory, Bishop of Tours, is the third of four “books” composing a Chronicle attributed to Fredegarius Scholasticus. However, the text itself has only forty fredegag chapter numbers. This is the only alteration to the contents of the original Fredegar compilation to be found in the manuscripts that contain it. However, it has to be admitted that there can be no certainty on this question, other than for the fact that whatever the author may have intended, the work in practice ends where it does, 83 ibid.


Immediately after the ending of chapter 93 in this section there comes the heading: It also contains information relating to Spain, Italy, the northern Slavs and the Byzantine Empire in the late sixth and first half of the seventh century that is not to be found elsewhere.

Vsque nunc inluster vir Childebrandus comes avunculus praedicto rege Pippino hanc historiam vel gesta Francorum diligentissime scribere procuravit. Worm holes run from the back of the book as far in as f. In addition to the continuous chronicle provided by Hydatius’s continuation of the Eusebius-Jerome, the Spanish scribe seems to have added a text of a consular dated chronicle written in Constantinople to his collection, even though it duplicated some of the events described in the chronicle sequence.

It will be recalled that the order of authorities in the list given in the prologue is as follows: What is hard to understand is why he inserted something like this dream narration. Krusch himself was never prepared to compromise on his belief in three separate authors structure and made a brief reply in a two page review of Lot’s article later in the same year.

The Fourth Book of the Chronicle of Fredegar: With Its Continuations.

This contradicts the logic of the author’s statement and so he can hardly have been the one who devised the heading. A five book structure may therefore have been envisaged by Fredegar but not achieved in practice.

In the number of years it assigns to each pope, Fredegar’s papal list is close to the Liber Pontificalis, but there are some variations and omissions. Ken marked it as to-read Apr 02, On the other hand, Fredegar was right to say that in his last years Heraclius married his niece and was regarded as a heretic, at least in western eyes. This is followed by a version of Fredegar’s Book II incorporating an expanded account of the Trojan origin of the Franks.

Yasser marked it as to-read Dec 25, Of Frankish authors it is only Fredegar who records this location for Amalaric’s death. Finally, as a chronicle that itself extended from Creation up to the early seventh century, it duplicated much that Fredegar had already covered in his borrowings from other sources.

Up to the end of the Fredegar text on f. The almost entirely lost Basel manuscript thus seems to be more closely related to the St. However, the numbers for his chapters 50 to 62 have not been inserted into the text itself.

The manuscript consists of twelve quires of 92 folios of x mm, with a written area of x mm, with 24 or 35 long lines to the page.

Chronicle of Fredegar

For one thing, in the listing of authorities in chrlnicle prologue Isidore is placed between the ‘certain wise man’ and Gregory of Tours, whereas in the Paris manuscript his work comes at the very end, even after Fredegar’s own section dealing with the years up to ; a date nearly three decades later than that of the the last item contained in Isidore’s chronicle. This was not a status that long survived.


The name of Fredegar is a genuine Frankish one but it is very uncommon in the sources for the Merovingian period.

But chroniclw there is highlight the significance of the change of author and source at this point. Hellmann’s case was tacitly accepted by Wilhelm Levison in his revision and updating of Wilhelm Wattenbach’s Deutschlands Geschichtsquellen im Mitellalter.

Jahrhundert Frankfurt am Main and Berlin, His analysis was followed by M.

Fredegar Chronicle – Brill Reference

It could be argued that the colophon indicates that the main compositional and editorial activity took place aroundas it implies the wider project of writing a ‘History and Deeds of the Franks’ was by then fully formed. In the Fredegar section headings and chapter numbers are written in red, but no colour is used for the sections after f. Problems posed in all of these areas have made it impossible for a modern critical edition to encompass all of the seemingly contradictory variant elements that are to be found in the manuscripts within a single text or version.

He also records events and individuals concerned with Austrasia, with fgedegar relatively frequent mention of Metz. An Italian source, distorting information that was gredegar properly understood, might help explain the mixture of fact and fiction of which these Heraclian tales consist. The Bern manuscript, written by a scribe named Haecpert and which also contains a splendid illuminated Physiologus, was given priority by Krusch, and assigned to an origin in the region of Reims and a dating in the second quarter of the ninth century by the late Professor Bischoff.

Small as the sample is, an analysis of the variants to be found in the largest of the fragments indicates that the manuscript from which this came had contained a copy of what Krusch categorised as a Class Three text of Fredegar. The Bachellier were a noted Reims family, and the manuscript may thus have remained in Reims since first written. For the s and s, and in particular for the reign of Arioald and the early part of that of RothariFredegar, whose work was unknown to Paul, fredefar a major source for the history of the Lombard kingdom.