SCHIMBAREA COMPORTAMENTULUI FATA DE MEDIU Va multumim! Gherguti Madalina Luca Andreea Petre Ioana Tanase Ramona. Disonanta cognitiva este un termen ce desemneaza un disconfort psihic, disconfort produs de aparitia simultana a doua sau mai multe elemente cognitive, . Cuprins: Experienta personala si teoria sociocognitiva• Analiza tranzactionala; Teoria angajamentului; Comunicarea persuasiva; Disonanta cognitiva; Stilurile.
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Affective forecasting Ambivalence Antiprocess Belief perseverance Buyer’s remorse Choice-supportive bias Cognitive bias Cognitive distortion Cognitive inertia Compartmentalization psychology Cultural dissonance Devaluation Denial Double bind Double consciousness Doublethink Dunning—Kruger effect Effort justification Emotional conflict Gaslighting The Great Disappointment of Illusion Illusory truth effect Information overload Liminality Limit situation Love and hate psychoanalysis Love—hate relationship Memory conformity Metanoia psychology Mythopoeic thought Narcissistic rage and narcissistic injury Rationalization making excuses Splitting psychology Stockholm syndrome Techniques of neutralization Terror management theory Traumatic bonding True-believer syndrome Wishful thinking.
The general effectiveness of psychotherapy and psychological intervention is partly explained by the theory of cognitive dissonance. Cognitive Dissonance Reduction During Decision-making indicated that participants rated 80 names and 80 paintings based on how much they liked the names and paintings.
During the s, Cooper and Fazio argued that dissonance was caused by aversive consequences, rather than inconsistency. The Role of Effort Justification in Inducing Weight Cognitivw indicated that the patient felt better in justifying his or her efforts and therapeutic choices towards effectively losing weight. A Meta-analysis of Selective Exposure to Information”.
The Social AnimalNew York: That a consistent psychology is required for functioning in the real world also was indicated in the results of The Psychology of Prejudicewherein people facilitate their functioning in the real world by employing human categories i.
Later, when the children were told that they could freely play with any toy they wanted, the children in the mild-punishment group were less likely to play with the steam shovel the forbidden toydespite removal of the threat of mild punishment. Rational Ignorance among Duty-Oriented Consumers”. The Outbridge, the Bitches’ Bow, the various things you didn’t know Some Doubts and New Evidencepresented evidence of the unreliability of the rank-choice-rank method,  the results of studies such as Neural Correlates of Cognitive Dissonance and Choice-induced Preference Change have not found the Choice-Rank-Choice method to be invalid, and indicate that making a choice can change the preferences of a person.
Likewise, the study The Neural Basis of Rationalization: Consumers employ the strategy of continual information by engaging in bias and searching for information that supports prior beliefs. That social emotions, such as embarrassment, guilt, envy, and Schadenfreude joy at the misfortune of another person are correlated to reduced activity in the insular lobeand with increased activity in the striate nucleus ; those neural activities are associated with a reduced sense of empathy social responsibility and an increased propensity towards antisocial behavior delinquency.
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Conversely, if the person cannot control or cannot change the psychologically stressful situation, he or she is without a motivation to change the circumstance, then there arise other, negative emotions to manage the cognitive dissonance, such as socially inappropriate behavior.
Retrieved 5 November The early hypothesis of belief disconfirmation presented in When Prophecy Fails reported that faith deepened among the members of an apocalyptic religious cult, despite the failed prophecy of an alien spacecraft soon to land on Earth, to rescue them from earthly corruption.
Moreover, upon overcoming the disconfirmed belief by changing to global environmentalism, the cult increased in numbers, by disonantx proselytism. Results have shown that the initial experience of dissonance can be apparent in the anterior cingulate cortex, then the left frontal cortex is activated, which also activates the approach motivational system to reduce anger.
CIA Cam tot acelasi cacat. The degree of punishment, in itself, was insufficiently strong to resolve their cognitive dissonance; the children had to convince themselves that playing with the forbidden toy was not worth the effort. Neural Correlates of Choice Justification”. Artificial neural network models of cognition provide methods for integrating the results of empirical research and of cognitive dissonance and attitudes into a single model that explains the formation of psychological attitudes and the mechanisms to change such attitudes.
Advances in Experimental Social Psychology.
Common to each paradigm of cognitive-dissonance dizonanta is the tenet: The researchers reported, “We predicted that [study] participants who thought that they were candidates for the diwonanta test would experience dissonance associated with knowing that the test was both unpleasant and in their best interest—this dissonance was predicted to result in unfavorable attitudes toward the test.
The results indicated that when the decision is meaningful to the person deciding value, the likely rating is based on his or her attitudes positive, neutral, or negative towards the name and towards the painting in question.
EEG was used to analyze students before writing cpgnitiva essay as dissonance is at its highest during this time Beauvois and Joule, The results of the neural scan experiment support the original theory of Cognitive Dissonance proposed by Festinger in ; and also support the psychological conflict theory, whereby the anterior cingulate functions, in counter-attitudinal response, to disonajta the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex and the anterior insular cortex ; the degree of activation of said regions of the brain is predicted by the degree of change in the psychological attitude of the person.
Evidence from Children and Monkeys indicated that there might be evolutionary force behind the reduction of cognitive dissonance in the actions of pre-school-age children and Capuchin monkeys when offered a choice between two like options, decals and candies.
American Psychological Association, pp. Examining Embarrassment, Guilt, Envy, and Schadenfreude identified neural correlations to specific social emotions e.
Cognitive dissonance – Wikipedia
Implications for attitude measurement, change, and strength”. As the subjects of cotnitiva experiment, the groups of people were told that the animal-sexuality discussion actually was occurring in the next room.
A Theory of Cognitive Dissonance. The Role of Dissonance Reduction”. Their framework speaks to this possibility by showing how violent actions by individuals can affect individual attitudes, either ethnic or racial animosity Acharya, Blackwell, Sen