English: The Codex Borbonicus is an aztec codex held at the library of the Français: Le Codex Borbonicus est un codex aztèque conservé à. The Codex Borbonicus is thought to be the only one whose style matches the pre -Conquest Náhuatl style, nevertheless it is considered to be a colonial copy. Alongside the Codex Borbonicus and Codex Magliabechiano, there were several Aztec codices produced around the time of the Spanish conquest. Some were.

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These are the years of sacrifice and pain. This God is at once the Male and Female aspect of existence, the begining of all things.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The only picture in the whole codex which represents the sequence of a ceremony is that of the Toxiuhmol- pia 2, the New Fire Ceremony.

The day-signs are not the usual twenty but a repetition of four, Tochtli, Acatl, Tecpatl and Calli It has been suggested that these beings were Cipactonal and Oxo- moco, but these were the names of the first humans in some of the Mexican legends.

With such a document before him Sahagun must have worked and discussed the various probable meanings with his elders. The Codex Borbonicus is one of the most interesting documents cdex with pre-Spanish Mexico in the 16th century. It was originally pictorial and logographic as was usual for pre-Columbian Aztec codicies, although some Spanish descriptions have been added.

Coddex outward meaning of the picture on page 21 is that cldex blessings of the year-bearer days of the first twenty-six years of the 52 year cycle were the blessings of creation borbonlcus beginning of things.


The evidence is inescapable Numerals are represented by dots and day names by pictorial glyphs. In addition to a day solar calendar, cultures throughout Mesoamerica used a day sacred almanac tonalpohualli in the Nahuatl language of the Aztecs in which 20 named days were paired with 13 numerals, each advancing one count per day.

Aztec manuscript under the microscope

We now come to a kind of reversal of ideas for the second half of the 52 year cycle. The researches of Dr.

The concept of Hours belongs to the Borbonivus World. Only five of these, belonging to the Borgia group, are categorically genuine. Never before had he had the opportunity to acquire such a treasure, even if the source of the Nahuatl manuscript he purchased for 1, gold francs at auction was unknown and two of its pages were missing.

FAMSI – Bibliothéque Du Palais Bourbon – Codex Borbonicus (Loubat )

In particular it is to be expected from Mexico because of the deep philosophical mood of the priesthood and their elaboration of a basic beUef which was shared by the Navajo Indians 2 with whom Professor Jung did so much research. The are not in the usual sequence, and in fact they occur in a very irregular pattern.

To understand this one must. Borbonicus in these two pages makes it quite clear that the Lords of the Night must rule the whole night. Covex and Cutting off are contrasted. But there is no proof of this and the year of its purchase by the French parliament,coincides with unrest in Latin America, which may explain why the manuscript came up for sale in Europe.

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“Codex Borbonicus, p. 12” by Christopher Pool and Barry Kidder

The central picture of page 22 has led to a good deal of controversy in the past because the god with the starry sky as his headdress has been variously interpreted as Tezcatlipoca or as Xiuhtecuhtli. Codex Messicano Vaticano detto il Codice Rios. We must now pay attention to pages 21 and 22 as a special section with a meaning of its own.


Painted in traditional Aztec style on screen-folded bark paper, it is generally considered an early colonial period copy of a pre-Columbian original to which Spanish glosses have been added. This page coded last edited on 28 Septemberat If not, it may contain traces of materials imported from Europe by the Spanish. The second section of the codex documents the Mesoamerican year cycle, showing in order the dates of the first days of each of these 52 solar years.

However, as we shall see, the material is quite easily comprehensible. Facsimile in leporello folding. In fact it gives a catalogue of borbnoicus whole tonalpouhalli of days disposed in the normal groups of thirteen days.

Codex Borbonicus

Each page represents one of the 20 trecena or day periodsin the tonalpohualli or day year. But the second half of life borbonicud the period where one is in turn a parent.

On the other hand the shell circlet on the breast belongs to gods of change, Tezcatlipoca, Xipe Totec and Mict- lantecuhtli.

The same bprbonicus is in the necklace of hands and hearts which decorates the great statue of Mother Earth in Mexico City: In other projects Wikimedia Commons. The centre pictures carry the idea further.

But if one abandons the idea that the day-signs and numerals represent years, and assumes that they are simply days in the tonalpouhalli then’ the whole thing falls into a perfect order.