Range Description: This species is widespread and found in Bangladesh, Brunei Darussalam, China, Taiwan, India (including Nicobar and Andaman Islands). Ceriops tagal is a shrub or small tree with compact crown. It usually grows up to 6 m. Bark flecking, light grey, smooth with buttress roots and thin breathing roots. Tengar Ceriops tagal. Family Rhizophoraceae Eastern Africa to Southeast Asia, Australia, Melanesia. Locally present in northern sites. Shrub or rarely tree, to 7.

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Login to add your Cerriops Not registered yet? Flowers open mainly in the evening with a “faint but fragrant odour” and may remain open the following day. Flowers are small, white, leathery in terminal clusters offlowering Aug-Mar.

According to Burkill, it is highly valued as firewood as well as timber and it is “exploited so much that well-grown trees are rare”.

Growing on a sea wall. Medicinal uses include the bark for women in childbirth and as part of a lotion for ulcers. Leaves spatula shaped cmthick glossy, arranged opposite one another. It is listed as ‘Vulnerable’ on the Red List of threatened plants of Singapore.

The durable wood is used in house construction. List Bruguiera arnottiana Wight ex Arn.

This species is highly prized for fuelwood in many parts of its range, where it is considered second only to species of Rhizophora in the mangrove swamps. The bark is silvery-grey to orangeish-brown, smooth with occasional pustular lenticels.


Ceriops tagal occurs in frost-free, summer rainfall regions in mangrove forest swamps along the coastline from Kosi Bay in KwaZulu-Natal, to Mozambique, through tropical East Africa and Australia.

This tree with rather plasticky thick rounded-tipped leaves is sometimes seen in our mangroves. Mangrove wood is known to be very hard with no water permeability and resistant to borer and with high density and, therefore, very heavy wood, which makes very attractive timber for construction of huts, for boats, houses, fences and also fire wood.

Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Pneumatophores ceruops roots sometimes develop as looped surface roots as in Bruguiera. Bark smooth or slightly fissured, pale grey or white often with a red tinge, peeling in thick strips from the buttressed portion.

Ceriops tagal

It usually grows up to 6 m. It is a protected tree in South Africa. Rate this plant Is this an interesting plant? Tengar putih on Singapore shores.

According to Tomlinson, the flowers are pollinated by small night-flying moths. Leaf stalk usually not pinkish. Retrieved from ” https: When the fruit has matured, the seed drops and sticks in the mud and so germination takes place.

A small to moderately tall tree of up to 20 m high, it has a distinct trunk and short basal buttresses originating as short basal stilt roots. Read more about the Rhizophoraceae family. Rhizophoraceae has about 16 genera and species worldwide in tropical and subtropical Africa, Asia and America, of which 4 of the genera occur in South Africa, with 10 species.


This species is propagated from seeds. Human Uses The trunk is used in house building and for fuel, bark for tanning and the fruits are sometimes eaten. When probed at the base, the petal unzips to scatter a cloud of pollen over the head of the moth.

Ceriops tagal – Useful Tropical Plants

Fruit green, oval berry, leathery, from which a seedling grows while the fruit is still on the tree; a thin, ridged hypocotyl drops from the fruit when mature and roots in the mud, Dec-Mar. Distribution in Singapore on this wildsingapore flickr map. This tree grows in most well-drained soil types, provided that there is sufficient water.

The radiating anchor roots are sometimes exposed and may loop up in places. Isinkaha [4] is a mangrove tree species in the family Rhizophoraceae. The Digital Nature Archive of Singapore is built up by the help of various people: