This disease, also called Iron Spot, is caused by the fungal pathogen, Cercospora coffeicola and tends to present itself on coffee plants grown in areas of higher. General information. Cercospora leaf spot is a common disease in beetroot and silver beet but is usually unimportant in well-managed crops. It may be a. Abstract. Brown eye spot, caused by Cercospora coffeicola, is an important disease of coffee. Both adaxial and abaxial leaf surfaces were inoculated with a.

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Generally, they are more irregular voffeicola shape than on the leaves, brown, and mainly on the side exposed to the sun. Dry bean, sugar beet, and sunflower Tamra Jackson-Ziems Phone: Mycosphaerella coffeicola Arabica coffee infected with Cercospora berry blotch Scientific classification Kingdom: This damages membrane lipids resulting in cell death and nutrient leakage.

Cercospora Leaf Spot | Seminis

On the berries, the infections are smaller than on leaves, less than 5 mm wide, but sometimes they cover the whole berry. This usually happens in cooler, wet areas above m.

If on the leaves, conidia are produced 38 days after inoculation. Often, other fungi invade the berries following infections of Cercospora. Check date values in: Search Anytime by Typing.

Mycosphaerella coffeicola is the name of the sexual form of the fungus; the disease is also known by the asexual form, Cercospora coffeicola.

The centers of these leaf spots are tan to light brown becoming transparent and brittle with time. The genus Cercospora shows a wide variety of infection processes; even a single species can show different patterns on different hosts. Circular brown spots, mostly mm, with bright grey centres and yellow haloes, typical of brown-eye leaf spot, Cercospora coffiecola. Prevention is the most effective coffiecola of managing M.


This halo is caused by the toxin cercosporinproduced by Cercospora species.

After the spores land on the plant surface, one to several germ tubes are produced. Weather conditions are important for this disease: Look for brown irregular to oval spots on the berries.

This page was last edited on 23 Septemberat Menu Share This Page. Risk factors for this pathogen include: Conidia are elongated, multiseptate, and coffeicol straight or slightly curved. Dry bean, sugar beet, and sunflower.

Fact sheet – Coffee brown-eye spot ()

These are often called the coffee “cherries”. Conidia of Cercospora citrullina become airborne and may be carried great distances on moist winds. The pathogen uses the leaked nutrients as an energy source.

A nitrogen-deficient plant as well as a plant with excess nitrogen favors disease prevalence, making well-timed fertilizer applications important. In Samoa, the disease is most severe on the berries. On watermelon, leaf spots manifest on young leaves as small grey or white spots with black margins.

Cercospora leaf spot occurs on all cucurbits but is most common on watermelon, cantaloupe, and cucumber. The pseudostromata produce conidiophores borne in clusters that serve as conidia-bearing structures. Plant symptoms such as chlorosis, leaf curling, and bronzing along the edges of leaves can be used to diagnose specific nutrient deficiencies.


A diagnostic feature is the presence of tiny black dots pseudostromata that form in leaf substomatal cavities within the grayish-tan lesions.

Retrieved from ” https: For example if a plant has leaves bronzed along edges, cupped down-ward; new leaves dead; eventual die back of shoot tips, then it is likely the plant has a calcium deficiency. Favorable environmental conditions around the equator are warm and humid wet seasons followed by a warm and dry season. Mycosphaerella coffeicola Cooke J. The fungus, Colletotrichum gloeosporiodes is commonly present. In nurseries, it can cause leaf fall of seedlings and, in severe cases, stem dieback.

This fact sheet is a part of the app Pacific Pests and Pathogens. In the dark, cercosporin lacks toxicity but when exposed to light, it is converted into a toxic form of activated oxygen. Stress can further be cerclspora if post and pre-harvest damage by machinery or laborers is avoided. Arabica coffee manual for Lao-PDR. When moisture is sufficient, new conidia are formed and spread via rain-splash or wind to new leaves or plants.

Cercospora Leaf Spot

Economic hosts include tablebeet, sugar beet, Swiss chard, spinach, and most wild Beta species. Sometimes, the spots grow into large blotches, and a leaf blight occurs. Curtis Ramularia goeldiana Sacc. Arabica coffee infected with Cercospora berry blotch.