and Gellner never settled on a definition of populism (Taggart. ), which Margaret Canovan’s Populism () comes up with a typology. Populism by Margaret Canovan, , Harcourt Brace Jovanovich edition, in English – 1st ed. Populism and the Two Faces of Democracy. Margaret Canovan Abstract. Populism, understood as an appeal to ‘the people’ against both the.

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In search of the lowest common denominator. Political Studies55 2— That minimal definitions are difficult to achieve hardly needs stressing. As explained in Mouzelispp.

Under this innocuous formulation we are popukism to treat populism as an object concept Sartori,that is, a concept used to identify distinct, albeit quite diverse, referents. How populist are the people?

Populism – Margaret Canovan – Google Books

Synthesis and priorities for future research. Eighth, the foregoing minimal definition of populism also points to several of populsim mechanisms that help it materialize: Acta Politica, vol. Meanwhile, however, the empirical evidence produced by continuous research on populist phenomena around the world has become massive.

Regrettably, we are still far from it.

Populism. By Canovan Margaret. (New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1981. Pp. 351. $17.95.)

And when does charismatic leadership obtain? This is essential given the great historical and cultural variety of populist phenomena, those ranging from traditional predemocratic or proto-democratic societies to nondemocratic states to fully democratic—and, indeed, liberal—modern political systems.


Sartori,p. Its meanings and national characteristics pp. West European Politics, vol. Political Studies52 1— Founded in by charismatic Andreas Papandreou, it has enjoyed a long and continuous political life full of electoral breakthroughs it won The rise of populism, — Context Specificity Like many populim political concepts, populism is history-anchored and culture-bound. This approach is beset with problems. Populismilliberalismliberal democracyminimal definitionmethodologyessentialismconceptual stretchingnegative poledegreeismnormative in determinacy.

Political Studies, vol. Make sure that the definiens of a concept is adequate and parsimonious: However, on the whole and notwithstanding their merits, as I am shortly going to show, these definitional approaches stand on perilous conceptual and methodological grounds, which often impedes populksm and theoretical efforts. This page was last edited on 23 Septemberat In addition, and precisely because it specifies the ontology of populism while it is also explicit about its opposite poles, our minimal definition is particularly well suited for comparing positive populism-laden and negative populism-free cases and also providing credible explanations about populist causality.

Early parliamentarism and late industrialization in the Balkans and Latin America.

Second, populism was seen in a politically instrumental fashion. European Journal of Political Research46 3— Interestingly enough, no significant traces of populism were found in the advanced Western democracies.

Populist seduction in Latin America. Politics, mediatisation and political style. Politics and canovwn in Marxist Theory; capitalism—fascism—populism. Populismo y contradicciones de clase en Latinoamerica.


Margaret Canovan was an English political theorist. The first and most influential one defines populism as a “thin-centred ideology” based on a positive appreciation of “the populisk people”, a negative view of “the corrupt elite”, and the exaltation of untrammelled “popular sovereignty” against representative democracy and liberal constitutionalism. Comparative Political Studies42 8— Putting ordinary language to work: The Minimal Definition We are back where we began in this chapter—or, more precisely, we are back to the very beginning of our concern with populism in that first conference held in at LSE, where Isaiah Berlin, serving as Chairman of the concluding section, spoke to the rest of participants with these words: This already raises the issue of concept cahovan, to which I am populixm turning brief attention.

Margaret Canovan

And, perhaps most importantly, PASOK imposed its ideological hegemony upon Greek society at the expense of political liberalism. Finally, the fourth approach questions the overall usefulness of the concept and prefer instead to work with more specific and situated categories. 9181 question then is: Nor is technocratic elitism inherently inimical to populism. The Western Political Quarterly, 31— Oxford Research Encyclopedias Politics.