ESV Greek-English New Testament: Nestle-Aland 28th Edition and English ESV Hebrew-English Old Testament: Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia (BHS) and. Novum Testamentum Graece is a critical edition of the New Testament in its original Koine Greek, forming the basis of most modern Bible translations and biblical criticism. It is also known as the Nestle-Aland edition after its most influential editors, . ISBN ; Biblia Sacra Utriusque Testamenti Editio Hebraica. The Greek text is identical to the Nestle-Aland 26th/UBS 3rd Edition. The GRAMCORD morphological concordance of the Greek text is one of the most highly.

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This edition introduced a separate critical apparatus and finally introduced consistency to the majority reading principle. A small number of textual changes in the most current edition were incorporated in jestle 28th edition of the Nestle-Aland, [14] nstle in ClontzThe Comprehensive New Testament.

The latter edition is aimed at translators and so focuses on variants that are important for the meaning whereas the NA includes more variants. This eventually led to the 25th edition of The New Testament in the Original Greek: The most important Papyri and alanx discovered Uncials, asa few Minuscules 33,occasionally also lectionaries were taken into account. While eschewing completeness in the range of variants and in the citation of witnessesthis edition does provide informed readers with a basis by which they can judge for themselves which readings more accurately reflect the originals.

The Text of the New Testament.

For further information see: The Greek text as presented is what biblical scholars refer to as the “critical text”. Authorship Dating Hebrew canon. The Novum Testamentum Graece apparatus summarizes the evidence from manuscripts and versions for, and sometimes against, a selection of the most important variants for the study of the text of the New Testament.


Greek New Testament Biblical criticism Christian terminology. Papyri – were used in this edition.

Nestle-Aland ::

Retrieved 23 November Views Read Edit View history. Outline of Bible-related topics. Aland, The Text of the New Testament: The great manuscript discoveries of the 20th century had also made a revision of the text necessary and, with Nestle’s permission, Aland set out to revise the text of Novum Testamentum Graece.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. It puts its readers in a position to make their bibliz judgments in matters of New Testament textual research.


First, the apparatus had to be revised thoroughly to give it more clarity and make it easier to use. Wherever one of these versions differed from the other two, Nestle adopted the reading given in the two identical versions and supplied a note in the apparatus showing the divergent reading. This view has been criticized by Gordon Fee [3] and Bruce Metzger [4] among others. The Greek text of the 28th edition is the same as that of the 5th edition of the United Bible Societies The Greek New Testament abbreviated UBS5 although there are a few differences between them in paragraphing, capitalization, punctuation and spelling.

However, Nestle did not consult the manuscripts directly, but continued to compile his information on their readings from other scholarly editions. The critical text is an eclectic text compiled by a committee that compares readings from a large number of manuscripts in order to determine which reading is bestle likely to be closest to the original.

Verses in which any one of the seven editions nnestle by a single word are not counted. By this means, he grouped together the best findings of New Testament textual research from the 19th century and prevented one-sided views from becoming established.

Nestle Aland Novum Testamentum Graece :: Read NA28 online

This edition had to accomplish two different tasks. The great manuscript discoveries of the twentieth century especially of early papyri necessitated a fundamental reorientation of the principal text and a rewriting of the apparatus, and these were both introduced in the 26th Edition.


Hodges claim that the minuscule texts the Byzantine text-type more accurately reflect the “autographs” or original texts than an eclectic text like NA28 that relies heavily on manuscripts of the Alexandrian text-type. The text of the nsetle Edition was reprinted several times in subsequent years.

A number of translations began to use critical Greek editions, beginning with the translation of the Revised Version in England in using Westcott and Hort’s Greek Text. Retrieved from ” https: In later editions, Nestle bblia noting the attestation of certain important manuscripts in his apparatus.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Nestle Aland Nuevo Testamento En Griego

The Bible as Book: The two most widely used scholarly editions of the Greek New Testament have thus since shared the same biblical text and differ merely in terms of their apparatuses, introductions, alajd appendices. Since the majority of old manuscripts in existence are minuscules, they are often referred to as the Majority Text.

Je nach Vielfalt der Ergebnisse sind bestimmte Filter deaktiviert. Nesfle is worth noting, though, that the Majority Text as a whole is classified by the editors of the NA28 of whom Metzger is one as a “consistently cited witness of the first order,” meaning that whenever the text presented differs from the majority text this is recorded in the apparatus along with the alternate reading.