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Inthe name of the technical unit was changed to the Mental Health, Substance Abuse, and Rehabilitation Unit to indicate the subject areas in which it worked.

Five major subject areas are mentioned:. Nevertheless, many nations in the Region still have a great deal of ground to cover. Final report; Washington, DC: A project known as “Mental Health, Disabilities and Rehabilitation” was created, which, antecedrntes addition to mental health, included the component of physical and mental disability. At both osiquiatria meetings, hospitalization in psychiatric institutions was criticized for the first time, and it was recommended that psychiatric care be included in public health systems and activities.

Reports on the three subregional seminars mentioned above served as the basis for developing national mental health programs under the ministries of health in several countries.

PAHO/WHO | Background and historical development of PAHO Mental Health Program

Some of the most important elements of the period were: Psiuqiatria were made for integrating mental health programs anntecedentes the public health context and for promoting the participation of communities, patients, and family members in the planning and delivery of services, as well as for amending existing mental health legislation.

To this end, close contact was maintained between the medical schools, the schools of public health, and psychiatry residency programs. Five major subject areas are mentioned: Technical and financial support from the U.

Velasco Alzaga and finishing the execution of the aforementioned grant from the National Institute of Mental Health. Even though the new Declaration addressed already existing problems, no direct focus had been placed on these issues during the Caracas meeting, which centered more on reforming services and protecting the human rights of people with mental disorders.


Inthe work antecedsntes de Salud Mental en la Comunidad” [Mental Health Issues in the Community] was published and widely prehispanicps throughout the Hemisphere, particularly in universities and technical health schools.

The main objective of the meeting was to reach an agreement on the changes needed to modernize psychiatric care and promote broader, more comprehensive mental mexido activities.

Between July and OctoberDr.

Background and historical development of PAHO Mental Health Program

In September, the PAHO Directing Council discussed and adopted a technical document and a resolution on mental health that, among other things, urged the Member States to: Jorge Velasco Alzaga, was appointed as Regional Adviser, a position he held until The idea that promoting changes in psychiatric care was convenient and necessary was gradually gaining ground, even though the time had yet not come for this to translate into specific stances or regional programs.

La Reforma de los Servicios de Salud Mental: Itzhak Levav was hired as a Temporary Adviser until a new unit chief was appointed. To this end, he visited every country in the Region and noted the existing programs, active psychiatric care services, and psychiatry education programs offered at the different universities. The Brasilia Declaration mentioned the new challenges that had become more evident over the past 15 years. Inthe World Health Organization WHO decided to launch a series of initiatives to put psiquaitria health on the global policy agenda and make it more visible throughout the world, and developed a set of extremely useful instruments and programs.

New publications were also released: Using the available information, which focused primarily on the availability of beds in psychiatric hospitals, rates of mortality associated with mental disorders, and institutional admissions, an initial quantitative analysis of problems related to psychiatric care in psiqiiatria Region was conducted.

The launch of the Regional Initiative for the Restructuring of Psychiatric Care in Latin America during the Caracas Conference in Venezuela, held between 11 and 14 Novemberanfecedentes an historic event in this period.


Dissemination of the Brasilia Principlesa programming document marking a major adjustment in the approach to restructuring mental health programs and services in the Region; Evaluation of the countries’ mental health systems using the methodology of the World Health Organization’s Assessment Instrument for Mental Health Systems WHO-AIMS ; Emphasis on technical support for countries so that they can meet appropriate achievement levels in the implementation of their National Mental Health Plans; Strengthening technical cooperation in prwhispanicos and adolescent mental health.

Another notable element in was a major project financed by the U. Between andthe Regional Program on Mental Health decentralization policy was strengthened, and two new subregional advisers were appointed, one in Argentina to cover South America and another in Barbados to cover the English-speaking Caribbean. From December and OctoberDr.

Indeed, se of the noteworthy final recommendations urged that no more psychiatric hospitals be created and that alternative services to treat mental illness be offered as part of public health programs. He also visited the majority of the psychiatric institutions and witnessed their deplorable conditions. The Technical Units became Projects, whose nature is essentially technical. Technology, Health Care mexco Research. Eh offers a new opportunity to examine the issue and make it a priority on governmental agendas.

Temas de salud mental en la comunidad [Mental Health Issues in the Community]. Develop National Mental Health Programs; Refocus mental health services from institutional to community settings ; Implement measures to control emotional disorders, epilepsies, and psychoses; Strengthen activities to promote the mental health and psychosocial development of children; Increase funding for mental health training programs; Improve legislation and regulations to protect human rights.

Three conferences were held as part of this project: Mental Health in the New Millennium Dr. Some major events took place in Levav was the coordinator of this program. Velazco Alzaga focused primarily on conducting a situation analysis of antrcedentes health in the Region.